The Top 10 Largest Earthquakes Ever Recorded

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Earthquakes are a natural disaster that occurs because of the sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust. Seismic waves are created and the tremors that are felt can be measured by seismometers. Earthquakes are measured based on their magnitude (the Richter scale). There have only been a couple that registered over a magnitude of 9.0 on the seismometer. An earthquake with a magnitude greater than 9.0 is an extreme natural disaster and are very rare.

Here’s a countdown of the 10 largest earthquakes ever recorded:

10. Assam – Tibet Earthquake on August 15, 1950

assam tibet earthquake

The epicenter of the 1950 Assam-Tibet Earthquake (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There were at least 780 people who died in this 8.6 magnitude earthquake. Many buildings completely collapsed in areas of eastern Tibet. Landslides and ground cracks/fractures ended up washing away an entire village. The village of Yedong collapsed into the Yarlung Zangbo River and literally washed away.

About 70 villages ended up being destroyed during this massive earthquake, mostly due to landslides. The landslides ended up blocking the Subansiri River and creating a natural dam, which broke just eight days later killing over 500 people.

9. Sumatra Earthquake (aka Nias Earthquake) on March 28, 2005

epicenter map

An epicentre map of the March 28, 2005 earthquake off the west coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Just off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, was a devastating earthquake that killed about 1300 people. A majority of the devastation occurred on the island of Nias. The massive earthquake sparked a panic around countries along the Indian Ocean because there was a massive tsunami just three months earlier in December. The earthquake only created a small tsunami, however, and only moderate damage was caused.

8. Rat Islands, Alaska Earthquake on February 4, 1965

rat island

Rat Island, Aleutian Islands (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This earthquake was recorded at a magnitude of 8.7 and caused a big tsunami of over 10 m on Shemya Island. It barely caused any damage, though. Just two months after the initial shock, an aftershock earthquake at a magnitude of 7.6 hit the same area.

7. Coast of Ecuador – Earthquake on January 31, 1906

ecuador earthquake 1906

The epicenter of the 1906 earthquake off the coast of Ecuador (Photo credit: earthquake.usgs.gov)

Just off the coast of Ecuador, a catastrophic earthquake that, at the time, was calculated at an 8.2 magnitude generated a massive tsunami that killed up to 1500 people. All along the coast of Central America the tsunami was observed. In Columbia, the tsunami was 5 m and killed over 500 people just in their city. San Francisco and San Diego reported sightings of the tsunami.

6. Chile Earthquake on February 27, 2010

chile earthquake 2010

A building with severe earthquake damage in Maipu, Santiago (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 2010 Chile earthquake ranks as the sixth largest earthquake to have ever been recorded on a seismograph. Recorded at a magnitude of 8.8, the shaking was felt at an intense level across six regions of Chile. Nearly 80% of the population is made up of the six regions that felt the earthquake. Several coastal towns in south- central Chile were damaged by the tsunami that was triggered by the earthquake.

It is estimated that the losses faced by the economy of Chile added up to $15 to $30 billion and the insurance industry in Chile took a hit of between $4 and $7 billion.

5. Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia on November 4, 1952

kamchatka peninsula earthquakes

A map showing earthquakes in and around Russia since 1900, showing a high level of seismic activity in the Kamchatka peninsula (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This was the first ever earthquake that was recorded with a magnitude of 9.0 or higher. In Hawaii, a severe tsunami hit as a result of the Kamchatka earthquake. There was nearly a million dollars in property damage, but fortunately no lives were lost, although boats, piers, and roads were all destroyed along the coastal fronts.

4. Honshu, Japan on March 11, 2011

sendai

A helicopter flies over the damage in Sendai. Black smoke can be seen rising from the Nippon Oil refinery. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck near the east coast of Honshu, Japan, triggering a tsunami that killed about 29,000 people and damaged some nuclear reactors in the area. This is the largest earthquake that has ever been recorded in Japan. On Honshu, there are still aftershocks from this original earthquake, adding up to more than 50 that have been greater than a magnitude 6.0 and 3 that were higher than magnitude 7.0.

3. Northern Sumatra Indian Ocean earthquake on December 26, 2004

2004 tsunami

Tsunami striking Ao Nang, Thailand as a result of the earthquake (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The giant earthquake of 2004 in Sumatra ruptured the longest fault length that has ever been recorded at over 900 miles. The rupture in the earth caused the ocean floor to spring back and lift up, creating a series of tsunami waves that pounded Sumatra, Thailand, and other countries surrounding the Indian Ocean. Some of the waves were over 100 feet tall.

2. Prince William Sound, Alaska on March 27, 1964

Great Alaskan Earthquake

Fourth Avenue in Anchorage, Alaska after the Great Alaskan Earthquake (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This earthquake, just southeast of Anchorage, Alaska, was a magnitude 9.2 and its effects were felt heavily in towns surrounding the area. The earthquake and tsunami took 128 lives and caused over $300 million in property damage and loss.

Anchorage felt the worst of the earthquake and suffered the most property damages. Houses, buildings, schools, and other structures were all devastated; some beyond repair. The tsunami was the most intense part of this earthquake, sending waves of up to 67 meters towards shore.

1. Valdivia, Chile on May 22, 1960

valdivia earthquake 1960

A street in Valdivia following the 1960 quake (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

If you’re ever wondered “what is the biggest earthquake ever recorded”, this is it. The largest earthquake ever recorded was in Chile in 1960 and it was recorded at a magnitude 9.5. It is said that 1,655 people were found dead and over 3,000 were injured. Two million citizens of Chile were left homeless after this natural disaster.

In Hawaii, the tsunamis that came from the earthquake caused 61 deaths and waves as high as 5.5 meters destroyed over 1,600 homes. Before the giant earthquake, 4 foreshocks occurred that were higher than a magnitude 7.0. One of these was a magnitude 7.9 and caused serious damage to the Concepcion area. The aftershocks were severe, too, with 5 of them being higher than a magnitude 7.0. This earthquake in Chile is the largest one recorded in the 20th century. The rupture zone of the earthquake is estimated at about 1000 kilometers long, stretching from Lebu to Puerto Aisen.

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  • duck man

    hi

    • duck man

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    meme meme meme

  • Eudhbsbhhbdsbhdhbshb

    Hehehhsbsb

    • caitlin cclaypole

      there are many 10.0 earthquakes w pe have had one before in orrick

  • dishant

    fearless

  • Oliul Islam

    Fiction or Science! Whatever is our medium to make arguments, it is true that one day everything will be destroyed . Earthquake, Tsunami and other terrible disasters we must see before ultimate destruction. Only Allah can save us ..

    • Atheism

      Your allah-ba-bah and other religions killing people through the lunatics for whatever mythical reasons.

    • Niggaz

      Jgfhgmchgmfutvfhchgyjfhhyjfhjhkuych

    • Who cares

      go Strap a bomb and blow yourself … Dont take innocent peoples lives. And pls dont mention allah Even him dont want anypart of your killings

    • Digs

      Fuck u ill play bo3

  • Niggaz

    Fuck you Bookworm. It’s 2016, we can swear if we wonna swear. Whatchu gonna do, make us eat soap? I will take that bar of soap and shov it so far up yur ass that yur gonna taste it on the other end

  • Bookworm

    Stop swearing please!

    • dayton

      nooooooooooooo!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! fuc
      .k u

  • Bookworm

    Stop swearing seriously!!!!!!

  • Shamim Shahaz

    I hope wt d nxt rthquake vl brng fr us…!!

    • Maniyah Moore

      What!?!?!?!??!?!!?!?!?

  • Fo shizzle

    Fuck

    • Bookworm

      Seriously guard your language!!!!!!!!!!!

  • A.D.

    Awesome and frightening facts…haven’t experienced earthquakes before since South Africa don’t have any. @Someone2 stop being ridiculous…

  • sally

    I had a dream 30 some years ago.It was a huge earthquake in the Pacific Northwest.All of Portland Was under Water.They said it couldn’t happen.Now Scientists are saying It will happen and In our Childrens’ lifetime.

  • someone2

    I have been in a 10.0 earthquake before and it was devastating. I was at the epicenter too so it was even more destructive!!!!!!

    • Susan

      I can’t imagine what that would be like. I live in Tacoma,Washington. It’s predicted we will get a big one anytime. Scary!

    • Mayra Biggs

      How can you been in a 10.0 earthquake when the biggest one ever recorded is a 9.5? Just curious

      • Nyra Tiggs

        hahaha

    • Box

      come on, man. don’t lie. A 10.0 rector scale earthquake not recorded anywhere or reported anywhere in the internet? you were in the epicenter of a 10.0 rector earthquake? You would be dead bro, no matter how many lives you have.

      We are here for the facts, don’t soil the comment area with useless theatricals.

      • Eva

        On October 3, thirty high scohol students from Mount Si’s Key Club visited the homes of two elderly folks in North Bend. Armed with gloves, garden tools, and determination ..they set out to offer assistance to these homeowners where the labor had simply become too big an obstacle. The students split and stacked firewood, trimmed overgrown bushes and hedges, brought garden beds back to objects of beauty, raked leaves, and filled an enormous trailer with discarded and rotting lumber that was taken to the dump. The best part of this endeavor was the smiles and hugs given by the homeowners to these high scohol Key Clubbers. That so many showed up at their homes to Pay it Forward was overwhelming and one of the most heart-warming experiences I have seen. Way to go Mount Si Key Club!

    • YeahSame

      At the epicentre of a 10.0 earthquake you would be dead as the earths crust melts under the pressure and you would be submerged in lava as you would be in the huge crevace

    • Bill Jones

      First of all, the largest earthquake recorded was a 9.5 so that is completely impossible. Second, if you were standing on the EPICENTER, you would have died within 3 seconds.dont lie on a public site in order to get attention, it’s not cool

      • Alvaryko

        saeba: Yes you’ve been mentioning that for a while and I whetdhearleoly agree. I’ll make sure next PPV that I do so.@mastermind: Well jaycuk downloads them from this site then uploads them to the torrent sites I think you need to read his nfos a bit more thoroughly ;)But anyway, I don’t plan on going anywhere anytime soon. Unless of course GAORA come knocking on my door with a cease and desist @Fore: haha no I know. But I want to make sure everyone knows what is going on. I don’t want people to think the site is dead because there have been no updates recently.

    • LOL

      Not possible

    • sylvia

      I was unaware that there has been such a quake and was that measurment from the ricktor scale

    • sylvia

      I was unaware that there has been such a quake and was that measurment from the ricktor scale

    • Knucklehead

      There is no way possible for you have to been in anything stronger than the 9.5 listed above!

    • AK

      There has never been a 10.0 magnitude earthquake. So that’s not possible.

  • mykayla

    I’m doing a project in science that is worth 500 points. can you give me ANY information at all on this topic?

    • Lillian

      More than a 4 trillion lives were lost in all the earthquakes in the world!!!!! Pick a website and jot down notes!!!

  • Akshat

    amazimg facts and if u like these facts u should see San andreas it’s an awesome movie

    • Pacman

      even my 11 year old was having a problem allowing for a reasonable suspense of disbelief with what happens in a huge earthquake in that movie

    • Winter

      WOW i am amazed. i has seen and feeled small earthquakes. not huge ones.

      • Cliff

        It’s felt, not “feeled.” No such word exists!

        “WOW i am amazed. i has-(Have) seen and feeled-(felt) small earthquakes. not huge ones.”

        WOW is right!

        • R

          Calm down, Cliff.

        • Simon

          Not everyone is speaking english as a first language, don’t judge people that harshly.That person may be a foreigner who tries to talk english. WOW is also right. Even if that person is a native english speaker, you don’t have to be a whore and a sassy grammar nazi. :3

    • Box

      @Akshat San Andreas holds 9.0 rector scale as its plot and says that is the highest earthquake recorded. Whereas the highest is 9.5 which happened half a century ago and they forgot that, not mentioning that, there are still other earthquakes with 9 or over rector scale measurement.
      That movie shows way too much hype for a 9.0 rector scale earthquake.

    • 🌙

      Ikr its so good, but its terrible to think that will actually happen one day in the future .

  • shahid mehmood

    may ALLAH save us from all such type of natural calamities…May it so..

    • gajodhar bhaiyya

      how can he save….whose people itself are causing so much of destruction…. all over the world…all satanic people!!

      • GP

        Dont judge people, hinduism is very narrow minded and based on myths.

  • Jessica

    Some really great pictures and facts in this article!
    Juneau is the Capitol of Alaska, NOT Anchorage, although, it is the largest city and main hub in Alaska, that’s why it is a common mistake. Juneau has no roads in or out of the city as this makes for quite an extra detour for many who come to visit the state. By ferry or plane is the only means to go see the beautiful coastline city.

    -From a lifelong Alaska resident ❄️

  • Zeenita

    A very good sight for projects and assignments………….lots of love

  • alexander beck

    Good article

    • Pratik

      My wife and I have been very blessed in our lives. We have also lived toguhrh very tight times ( I. E., blood donations.) We have always felt the love if others. Many times, we picked up the bill for another at a resturant. Other times we paid for another’s groceries. Another time we put together a baby shower for a lady we never met who left an abusive home. Instead of money, we gave a man in the rain a sleeping bag, a coat, and accessories along with a gift card for a meal at Denny’s. When my wife ad I ran into financial issues, we were blessed by people who remained anonymous with a $500 gift card twice. We always asked why. We had a very hard time accepting. Why us? LovePay it forward It will come back when needed

  • Ed Warmus

    “Stalking Gaia” reveals the connection between earthquakes and world wars.